Dynamic Fracture of Composite Gun Tubes

Report No. ARL-TR-1869
Authors: Tzeng, Jerome T.
Date/Pages: January 1999; 45 pages
Abstract: The fracture behavior of a composite cylinder subjected to a moving pressure has been investigated. The resonance of stress waves can result in very high amplitude of strains in the cylinder at the instant and location of pressure front passage when the velocity of the moving pressure approaches a critical velocity. The stress wave with high magnitude, while short in duration, might not cause structural failure immediately; however, it could accelerate the propagation in the cylinder with initial imperfection and shorten fatigue life of the cylinders. The fracture mechanism induced by dynamic amplification effects is especially critical for composite-overwrapped cylinders because of the multimaterial and anisotropic construction, thermal degradation in material properties, and a design goal that is inherent in lightweight gun barrel applications.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: January 1, 1999