Experimental Investigation of Polyurethane Camouflage Coating Using Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

Report No. ARL-TR-1929
Authors: Crawford, Dawn M.; Escarsega, John A.
Date/Pages: March 1999; 28 pages
Abstract: Three polyurethane coatings were evaluated using dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) to investigate the relationship between dynamic mechanical properties and durability properties of coated test panels. The current polyurethane solvent-based (SOL) formulation, used as a chemical-agent-resistant camouflage top coat on all military tactical vehicles, was investigated, along with newly developed water-reducible (WR) polyurethane coatings. The WR coatings offer significantly reduced volatile organic compounds (VOC), compared to the SOL system, and thus represent environmentally compliant coatings. DMA investigations revealed that the two classes of polyurethane coatings exhibit different dynamic mechanical properties, which are attributed to different cross-linking mechanisms involved in film formation. The more uniformly cross- linked SOL coating provides the best chemical-agent resistance (CAR) but the poorest mechanical properties. Properties measured using DMA were sensitive to the degree of isocyanate to hydroxyl indexing in the WR formulations, as well as the drying time of coatings prior to evaluation. DMA investigations indicated that longer cure times at ambient temperature (6 or more months) may adversely affect the mechanical properties of the SOL system and potentially enhance CAR of the WR coating. Further studies involving aged coatings are planned.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: March 1, 1999