Literature Review of Fuel Processing

Report No. ARL-TR-2946
Authors: Ivan C. Lee and Deryn Chu
Date/Pages: March 2003; 34 pages
Abstract: Technology is available for the development of hydrogen-fueled polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell systems of small and intermediate sizes. For the indirect use of organic fuels, such require the development of compact fuel processors to provide high purity hydrogen. Methanol fuel processors are under intensive research and development for that purpose. The associated technical challenges and approaches to their solutions are discussed. Integrated prototype systems of methanol processor and PEM fuel cell systems have been built for portable, mobile, and stationary applications. The additional technical barriers to be overcome for diesel or JP-8 reformers are much more formidable. Carbon and sulfur managements have to be addressed to develop a durable and high-performance logistic fuel reformer for Army applications. In addition, better carbon monoxide removal strategy is necessary, because logistic fuel reformers produce reformate gases containing high carbon monoxide concentration. Stateof- the-art logistic fuel reformers are reviewed.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: March 1, 2003