Statistical Studies of Mesoscale Forecast Models MM5 and WRF

Report No. ARL-TR-3329
Authors: Teizi Henmi
Date/Pages: September 2004; 40 pages
Abstract: Two mesoscale weather forecasting models -- the Mesoscale Model Version 5 (MM5) and the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF)-- were statistically evaluated over two different geographical areas, Utah and western Texas. Using the 40-km Eta forecast data as input data, forecast calculations of both the models were carried out and the results were compared with surface observation data. Both models tended to over-forecast temperature and dew-point temperature, although the correlation coefficients between forecast and observations were fairly high. The statistical parameters for MM5 were slightly better than those for the WRF. For both MM5 and WRF, statistical parameters for wind vector components are inferior to those of temperature and dew-point temperature. The influences of different input data on the MM5 forecast fields were studied using the 40-km Eta and the Global Forecast System (GFS). For all surface meteorological parameters, the MM5 with the inputs from the 40-km Eta performed better than the MM5 with the GFS. The WRF forecasting over western Texas produced better statistical results than those over Utah, probably due to simpler terrain in western Texas as compared to Utah.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: September 1, 2004