Developing Effective Human Supervisory Control for Air and Missile Defense Systems

Report No. ARL-TR-3742
Authors: John K. Hawley and Anna L. Mares
Date/Pages: February 2006; 48 pages
Abstract: One of the defining properties of the next generation of air and missile defense (AMD) command and control (C2) systems is an increasing reliance on automation. This report is the second in a series of three dealing with human performance and training issues in the development and effective use of automated systems for real-time AMD C2. The first report (Hawley, Mares, & Giammanco, 2005) addresses the impact of automation on air defense operators and the consequences of their role change from traditional operators to supervisory controllers. The present report expands upon that original material and discusses developing effective human supervisory control in AMD C2 systems. Together, these reports are intended as a primer on automation, supervisory control, and effective human performance for commanders, concept developers, system designers, trainers, and other personnel involved with acquisition and use of the next generation of AMD C2 systems.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: February 1, 2006