CFD Computation of Magnus Moment and Roll Damping Moment of a Spinning Projectile

Report No. ARL-RP-131
Authors: James DeSpirito; Karen R. Heavey
Date/Pages: September 2006; 24 pages
Abstract: Computational fluid dynamic simulations (CFD) were used to predict the aerodynamic coefficients and flow field over a spinstabilized, 25-mm, sub-caliber training projectile. The primary objective of the investigation was to determine the CFD parameters necessary for the accurate prediction of the Magnus moment and roll damping of a spin-stabilized projectile. Archival experimental data was used to validate the numerical calculations. The Mach number range investigated was from 0.4 to 4.5. Steady state CFD calculations predicted the drag, normal force, pitching moment, and normal force center of pressure very well?to within 10% of the experimental data. Time-accurate, detached-eddy simulations were found necessary to predict the Magnus moment in the subsonic and transonic flow regimes. Steady state CFD was found adequate to calculate the roll damping, which was predicted to within 15% of the experimental data in both steady state and time accurate calculations.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: September 1, 2006