Mission-Based Test and Evaluation: Seminar for Ballistics and NBC Division

Report No. ARL-SR-253
Authors: Beth S. Ward
Date/Pages: September 2012; 64 pages
Abstract: Traditional U.S. Army evaluations are based on technical performance requirements that do not correlate well to current wartime missions and the operational context for testing. The director of Operational Test and Evaluation, and the U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC), want to ensure that our Soldiers are provided suitable, sustainable, survivable, and effective materiel in the mission context expected at the time of fielding. To that end, ATEC has developed the mission-based test and evaluation (MBT&E) strategy and processes. The objective of the MBT&E strategy is to develop a methodology for assessing the mission impact if technical performance requirements are not met or are degraded. MBT&E methodology aligns system components and functions to a specified tactical mission at a higher resolution than the traditional mobility or firepower loss of function. The approach then evaluates system capability requirements of a mission in addition to technical performance parameters. Traditional methods and products at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Survivability/Lethality Analysis Directorate (SLAD) do not entirely meet the requirements for MBT&E. As such, new techniques, tools, and methodologies have been in development by SLAD to demonstrate the ability to develop and analyze metrics that enable MBT&E by ATEC. This report presents an overview of MBT&E-related activities and information for application within SLAD's Ballistics and Nuclear Biological, and Chemical Division. All data included is notional. Data were generated to exemplify differences in metrics and the usefulness of MBT&E metrics and constructs compared with traditional data sets. Particular emphasis was on methods to aggregate loss of capabilities and components to system-level metrics.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: September 1, 2012