Designing for Humans in Autonomous Systems Military Applications

Report No. ARL-TR-6782
Authors: Michael J. Barnes; Jessie Y. C. Chen; Florian Jentsch; Tal Oron-Gilad; Elizabeth Redden; Linda Elliott; Arthur W. Evans III
Date/Pages: January 2014; 36 pages
Abstract: The purpose of this report is to review U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL)-sponsored research on the humans role in future autonomous systems and to derive design guidelines to foster human/autonomy collaboration. The research was conducted as part of a larger Army program, Safe Operations for Unmanned systems for Reconnaissance in Complex Environments (SOURCE), that focused on developing safe autonomy for urban applications. The human-autonomy design research encompasses agent reliability, span of control, safety issues, individual differences, training, function allocation, and results from field experiments evaluating advanced interface solutions. The main sections of this report cover (1) autonomy and intelligent agents, (2) RoboLeader, (3) safety for autonomous systems, (4) naturalistic interfaces, and (5) situation understanding using unmanned vehicle imagery. After each section, implications of the results are summarized to develop design guidelines for incorporating humans into autonomous military systems.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: January 1, 2014