Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Reform to Enhance Security of the Global Cyberspace

Report No. ARL-TR-6951
Authors: Renée E. Etoty and Robert F. Erbacher
Date/Pages: May 2014; 36 pages
Abstract: It was about 1992 when the Internet first became publically available on the World Wide Web domain via Netscape ( and today has become our main way of life's dealings and interactions. Given that, we have seen digital infrastructures become the backbone of successful nations. A nation is deemed successful by their economic stability, military defense, global influence, and trade or business efforts. A nation's education system is however the most critical precondition to achieving the elements listed. For these reasons, the protection of and the continued growth of the cyberspace as an international environment is cause for a secure global cyberspace. The Internet in particular, is a vehicle the nation uses to communicate, cooperate, and conduct business dealings involving our assets and for this reason cybersecurity is a major concern. In this paper, we choose to focus on adding cybersecurity curricula to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education as well as combining all existing efforts into a single STEM education model. Our proposed plan, STEM-Combined (STEM-C), further suggests the incorporation of cybersecurity aspects and skills that need to be implemented early on within the nation's current STEM curricula.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: May 1, 2014