Effectiveness of Stereoscopic Displays for Indirect-Vision Driving and Robot Teleoperation

Report No. ARL-TR-5259
Authors: Jessie Y. C. Chen, Razia V. N. Oden*, Caitlin Kenny†, and John O. Merritt‡
Date/Pages: August 2010; 40 pages
Abstract: A three-part experiment was conducted to investigate the usefulness of two types of three-dimensional (3-D) stereoscopic displays (SDs) for simulated indirect-vision driving (with various terrains) and live robot teleoperation. Results showed that overall, participants completed their tasks significantly faster when they used an SD in 3-D mode compared to the baseline two-dimensional (2-D)/monoscopic condition. They also navigated more accurately with SDs in 3-D mode. When the effectiveness of the SDs was examined separately, the results showed that the system with active 3-D shutter glasses appeared to be more effective in supporting faster responses and task completion times than did the system using passive polarized 3-D glasses. Participants' self-assessed simulator sickness and workload after interacting with the two SD systems did not differ significantly between displays or between the 3-D vs. 2-D modes of operation.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: August 1, 2010