Lethality of Bursting Munitions and Their Effect on Survivability

Report No. ARL-TR-5475
Authors: Natalie Eberius, Patrick Gillich, and Kathleen Doonan
Date/Pages: March 2011; 18 pages
Abstract: The distances at which mounted personnel in military vehicles and dismounted personnel can survive blast threat detonations is of interest. Zones described in terms of area of effect and range provide a technical basis for hazard standoff distances (i.e., distances at which explosive ordnance disposal teams can safely operate). Current standoff requirements are often based on limited test and simulation data, with feedback observed in the field providing a significant contribution. These lethality zone estimates support system requirement definitions, input to tactics, techniques and procedures, and risk assessment. This report details the capability of the MUVES-S2 model to simulate both threat and target interactions to construct improved vulnerability zones detailing lethality and survivability in terms of measures of personnel injury. Empirical data sets support threat characterization that describe ballistic behavior and projectile properties as well as ballistic material modeling of vehicle componentry, armor, and personnel protective equipment.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: March 1, 2011