Oxygen Diffusion and Reaction Kinetics in Continuous Fiber Ceramic Matrix Composites

Report No. ARL-TR-1692
Authors: Halbig, Michael C.; Eckel, Andrew J.; Cawley, James D.
Date/Pages: February 1999; 14 pages
Abstract: Previous stressed oxidation tests of C/SiC composites at elevated temperatures (350 deg C to 1500 deg C) and sustained stresses (69 MPa and 172 MPa) have led to the development of a finite difference cracked matrix model. The times to failure in the samples suggest oxidation occurred in two kinetic regimes defined by the rate controlling mechanisms (i.e.; diffusion controlled and reaction controlled kinetics). Microstructural analysis revealed preferential oxidation along as-fabricated, matrix microcracks and also suggested two regimes of oxidation kinetics dependent on the oxidation temperature. Based on experimental results, observation, and theory, a finite difference model was developed. The model simulates the diffusion of oxygen into a matrix crack bridged by carbon fibers. The model facilitates the study of the relative importance of temperature, the reaction rate constant, and the diffusion coefficient on the overall oxidation kinetics.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: February 1, 1999