A Comprehensive Approach to Characterizing the Hazards of Explosive Countermeasures with Respect to Dismounted Troops

Report No. ARL-TR-5608
Authors: Patricia S. Frounfelker, Stephen P. Swann, and Gregory K. Dietrich
Date/Pages: July 2011; 24 pages
Abstract: Active countermeasures (ACM) are designed to increase protection to military vehicles and their occupants. Current military operations in urban environments have increased the need to understand the danger from these countermeasure technologies to dismounted troops and other personnel. The area of hazard around the interaction of the ACM and threat needs to be understood and quantified using a combination of testing and modeling and simulation (M&S). The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has developed testing procedures and M&S tools utilizing the Operational Requirement-based Casualty Assessment (ORCA) and MUVES-S2 models to evaluate these vulnerabilities. Hazard characterization can be used to influence countermeasure development as well as the Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTPs) for countermeasure-equipped platforms and personnel operating in their proximity. This paper will present the testing and data collection methodology, the modeling and simulation (M&S) tools, and the visualization tools developed by ARL to assess the associated risks and hazard areas.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: July 1, 2011