Extensive Characterization of Cracking in As-fabricated Composite Ceramic Panels Via Ultrasonic and X-ray Computed Tomography Testing

Report No. ARL-TR-5638
Authors: William H. Green and Raymond E. Brennan
Date/Pages: August 2011; 22 pages
Abstract: Decreasing the weight of protective systems, while minimizing the decrease in ballistic performance, is an ongoing goal of the Army. Ceramic materials are currently combined with other materials in these types of structures in order to decrease weight without losing ballistic performance. This includes structures in which the ceramic material is confined in some way or completely encapsulated. Confinement or encapsulation of ceramic material within a structure generally adds complexity and cost. Relatively simple panel specimens fabricated with ceramic tiles on aluminum backings and side confinement using steel were evaluated using nondestructive methods, including x-ray computed tomography and ultrasonic testing. The nondestructive evaluation results are discussed and compared, including the detectability and mapping of the fabrication features.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: August 1, 2011