A Review of Computational Spinal Injury Biomechanics Research and Recommendations for Future Efforts

Report No. ARL-TR-5673
Authors: Reuben H. Kraft and Samantha L. Wozniak
Date/Pages: September 2011; 48 pages
Abstract: Developing an understanding of the high rate injury biomechanics associated with blast-induced loading to the spine, lower extremities, central nervous system, and peripheral nervous system is critical to optimize protective equipment for Soldiers. Computational methods and high performance computing are an essential part of the toolset needed to develop the understanding of spinal injury caused by high strain rate loading. These methods provide a wealth of information that otherwise may not be available. While the research area of computational spinal injury biomechanics has received much attention in the past with regard to low strain rate degenerate effects, there are significant opportunities to enhance the state of knowledge of spinal injury in the area of high strain rate military loading. Through this literature review and careful contemplation, a list of six recommendations for future research directions has been developed.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: September 1, 2011