The Compressive Failure of Aluminum Nitride Considered as a Model Advanced Ceramic

Report No. ARL-RP-377
Authors: Guangli Hu; K. T. Ramesh; Buyang Cao; J. W. McCauley
Date/Pages: June 2012; 26 pages
Abstract: Uniaxial quasi-static compression, uniaxial dynamic compression and confined dynamic compression experiments were performed to characterize the failure of Aluminum Nitride (AlN) using a servo hydraulic machine and a modified Kolsky bar set-up respectively. High-speed digital cameras are used to visualize the failure processes. A summary of the available experimental results, including that in the literature, shows that the compressive strength of the AlN is sensitive to strain rate in the range from 10-3 to 103 s-1, and that the deviatoric strength of AlN is linearly dependent on pressure at low pressures and nearly independent of pressure above a transitional pressure (about 2 GPa). TEM characterization of fragments obtained after dynamic loading is used to characterize the deformation mechanisms in the AlN for varying confinement. The transition in the pressure dependent behavior is shown to be the result of a change of deformation mechanism. Classical wing crack micromechanics is used to predict the transition in the deformation mechanism, and to explain the observed behavior at low pressure.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: June 1, 2012