Enhanced Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Circular Monopole Antenna with Electromagnetic Band Gap (EBG) Surface and Director

Report No. ARL-TR-7041
Authors: Amir I Zaghloul, Youn M Lee, Gregory A Mitchell, and Theodore K Anthony
Date/Pages: August 2014; 30 pages
Abstract: A circular monopole antenna fed with a coplanar waveguide is designed as an ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna for ground-penetrating radar. The performance of the antenna is enhanced by adding an electromagnetic band gap (EBG) surface on one side and a monopole director on the other side. The EBG surface can be a single-resonance structure or dual or multi-resonance structure for wider bandwidth. The enhanced design shows higher and flatter gain across the wideband, with different levels of improvements, depending on the choice of the additional layers, which also impacts the overall profile of the antenna. Simulation results of a number of designs are presented, along with measurement results of one design. Comparison of measured and simulated results is presented and shows good agreement. The target frequency band for the design is 0.73.0 GHz.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: August 1, 2014