Nonuniform Shear Strains in Torsional Kolsky Bar Tests on Soft Specimens

Report No. ARL-RP-0519
Authors: Adam Sokolow; Mike Scheidler
Date/Pages: February 2015; 46 pages
Abstract: We investigate inertial effects in torsional Kolsky bar tests on nearly incompressible, soft materials. The results are relevant for materials with instantaneous elastic shear modulus on the order of 1–1000 kPa and density on the order of water. Examples include brain tissue and many other soft tissues and tissue surrogates. We have conducted one- and three-dimensional analyses and simulations to understand the stress and strain states that exist in these materials in a torsional Kolsky bar test. We demonstrate that the short loading pulses typically used for high strain-rate (e.g., 700 = s) tests do not allow the softer specimens to ring-up to uniform stress and strain states and that consequently the shear stress versus shear strain data reported in the literature are erroneous. We also show that normal stress components, which are present even in quasistatic torsion of nonlinear elastic materials, can be amplified in dynamic torsion tests on soft materials.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: February 1, 2015