Sample Size Induced Brittle-to-Ductile Transition of Single-Crystal Aluminum Nitride

Report No. ARL-RP-0528
Authors: JJ Guo, K M Reddy, A Hirata, T Fujita, GA Gazonas, JW McCauley, MW Chen
Date/Pages: August 2015; 14 pages
Abstract: Ceramics are known to be mechanically hard, chemically inert and electrically insulating for many important applications. However, they usually suffer from brittleness and have moderate strength that strongly depends on their microscopic structure. In this study, we report a size induced brittle-to-ductile transition in single-crystal aluminum nitride (AlN). When the specimen diameters are smaller than ~34 µm, AlN micropillars show metal-like plastic flow under room-temperature uniaxial compression. The unprecedented plastic strain of ~510% together with the ultrahigh strength of ~6.7 GPa has never been achieved before. Transmission electron microscopy demonstrates that dislocations play a dominant role in the plasticity of the micro-sized AlN.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: August 1, 2015