Generalized Finsler Geometric Continuum Physics with Applications in Fracture and Phase Transformations

Report No. ARL-RP-0591
Authors: John D Clayton
Date/Pages: February 2017; 44 pages
Abstract: A theory of deformation of continuous media based on concepts from Finsler differential geometry is presented. The general theory accounts for finite deformations, nonlinear elasticity, and changes in internal state of the material, the latter represented by elements of a state vector of generalized Finsler space whose entries consist of one or more order parameter(s). Two descriptive representations of the deformation gradient are considered. The first invokes an additive decomposition and is applied to problems involving localized inelastic deformation mechanisms such as fracture. The second invokes a multiplicative decomposition and is applied to problems involving distributed deformation mechanisms such as phase transformations or twinning. Appropriate free energy functions are posited for each case, and Euler–Lagrange equations of equilibrium are derived. Solutions are obtained for specific problems of tensile fracture of an elastic cylinder and for amorphization of a crystal under spherical and uniaxial compression. The Finsler-based approach is demonstrated to be more general and potentially more physically descriptive than existing hyperelasticity models couched in Riemannian geometry or Euclidean space, without incorporation of supplementary ad hoc equations or spurious fitting parameters. Predictions for single crystals of boron carbide ceramic agree qualitatively, and in many instances quantitatively, with results from physical experiments and atomic simulations involving structural collapse and failure of the crystal along its c-axis.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: February 1, 2017