Computer-Based Algorithmic Determination of Muscle Movement Onset Using M-Mode Ultrasonography

Report No. ARL-RP-0596
Authors: Andrew J Tweedell; Courtney A Haynes; Matthew S Tenan
Date/Pages: April 2017; 12 pages
Abstract: The study purpose was to evaluate the use of computer-automated algorithms as a replacement for subjective, visual determination of muscle contraction onset using M-mode ultrasonography. Biceps and quadriceps contraction images were analyzed visually and with three different classes of algorithms: pixel standard deviation (SD), high-pass filter and Teager Kaiser energy operator transformation. Algorithmic parameters and muscle onset threshold criteria were systematically varied within each class of algorithm. Linear relationships and agreements between computed and visual muscle onset were calculated. The top algorithms were high-pass filtered with a 30 Hz cutoff frequency and 20 SD above baseline, Teager Kaiser energy operator transformation with a 1200 absolute SD above baseline and SD at 10% pixel deviation with intra-class correlation coefficients (mean difference) of 0.74 (37.7 ms), 0.80 (61.8 ms) and 0.72 (109.8 ms), respectively. The results suggest that computer automated determination using high-pass filtering is a potential objective alternative to visual determination in human movement science.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: April 1, 2017