Predicting the Nonlinear Response and Progressive Failure of Composite Laminates

Report No. ARL-RP-75
Authors: Travis A. Bogetti, Christopher P. R. Hoppel, Vasyl M. Harik, James F. Newill, and Bruce P. Burns
Date/Pages: June 2004; 32 pages
Abstract: A comprehensive comparison of laminate failure models was established to assess the state-of-the-art in laminate modeling technologies on an international level (known as Worldwide Failure Olympics Exercise) [1]. This report represents one contribution (Part A) to the Exercise, where predictions for laminate response and failure behavior of various laminates under a broad range of loading conditions are made. A method for predicting the nonlinear stress/strain response and failure behavior of composite laminates is described. Predictions are based on an incremental formulation of a well-established three-dimensional laminated media analysis [2] coupled with a progressive-ply failure methodology. Nonlinear lamina constitutive relations for the composites are represented using the Ramberg-Osgood equation [3]. Piece-wise linear increments in laminate stress and strain are calculated and superimposed to formulate the overall effective nonlinear response. Individual ply stresses and strain are monitored to calculate instantaneous ply stiffnesses for the incremental solution and to establish ply failure levels. The progressive-ply failure approach allows for stress unloading in a ply and discrimination of the various potential modes of failure. Laminate response and failure predictions for 14 different cases are presented. The cases include prediction of the effective nonlinear stress vs. strain responses of laminates, as well as, initial and final ply failure envelope predictions under multi-axial loading. Comparison of predictions with actual experimental data will be made in a companion report to be published in Part B of the Exercise.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: June 1, 2004