Energy and Power
Ubiquitous in Army efforts, and improved energy storage is an enduring challenge. This materials research includes synthesis, characterization, and analysis on primary batteries, rechargeable batteries, thermal/reserve batteries, superconductor materials for superconductor magnetic energy storage, and capacitors (pulsed and continuous) for a range of applications and weapons power regimes (microwatts to megawatts).
- Rechargeable and Primary Batteries
- Munitions Batteries
- Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage
Power Generation & Energy Harvesting
Essential for the sustainment of all Army operations. This research seeks to improve the conversion efficiency of generation and harvesting technology, and bring novel approaches to energy harvesting to usable levels.
- Thermal Energy Conversion
- Fuel Flexible Combustion-based Power Sources
- Ultra-energetic Radionuclides
- Alternative Routes to Fuel
- Energy Harvesting
Research focuses on augmenting or replacing battery power with high energy density, fuel-flexible power sources to lighten the load for the Soldiers and Army platforms, and to reduce the logistics.
- Fuel Cells
- JP-8 Fuel Reformation and Conditioning
Enables increased reliability and improved size, weight of power electronics, energy conversion technologies, and environmental control units. This research focuses on thermal transport and control materials and techniques including: electronics cooling, heat reclamation, integrated device packaging and cooling, micro channel cooling, phase change transient thermal management, two-phase liquid heat sinks, condensation and heat rejection enhancement, and semiconductor device-level thermal improvement.
- Electronics Packaging and Thermal Interfaces
- Two-Phase Heat Transfer