Humans and Autonomy: Implications of Shared Decision-Making for Military Operations

Report No. ARL-TR-7919
Authors: Michael J Barnes; Jessie Y C Chen; Susan Hill
Date/Pages: January 2017; 42 pages
Abstract: Issues related to defining the Soldierâ??s role in future battlefields populated by autonomous systems are driving important US Army research programs. Mixed-initiative systems entailing shared decision-making between humans and intelligent software are a promising strategy that combines the advantages of human insight and autonomous control. This report discusses empirical results related to shared decision-making in the context of military applications including outcomes from research on intelligent agents, control of multiple unmanned systems, trust and transparency, cognitive architectures, natural language processing, and bi-directional interfaces. Overall, mixed-initiative systems show great promise, but more research will be required before such systems become part of large-scale operational environments. Effects of emotional response to autonomous systems, ethical software constraints, and machine learning transparency are identified as future research opportunities.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: January 1, 2017