Command, Control, and Communications: Techniques for the Reliable

Report No. ARL-MR-0617
Authors: Patricia W. Kilduff, Jennifer C. Swoboda, and B. Diane Barnette (all of ARL)
Date/Pages: June 2005; 22 pages
Abstract: The U.S. Army Research Laboratory?s Human Research and Engineering Directorate has relied on the use of human performance models to assess the effectiveness of command and control (C2) organizational designs for nearly a decade. This work was based on task network modeling in various versions of MicroSaint (developed by Micro Analysis and Design) as the key methodology. The models have been based on representations of C2 tasks and functions performed by a group of people engaged in various military missions, within conceptual and actual military organizational designs, and using various types of communication and information technologies. These organizations have ranged in size from battalion to brigade level, with the inclusion of message flow from companies to a division staff. This report briefly describes these MicroSaint models and how they led to the development of a modeling environment called command, control, and communications - techniques for the reliable assessment of concept execution (C3TRACE). Thus, models can be rapidly constructed with C3TRACE to analyze multiple organizational, personnel, and systems architectures as they emerge through concept exploration for the Army Future Force.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: June 1, 2005