Nonlinear Phase Field Theory for Fracture and Nonlinear Phase Field Theory for Fracture and Nonlinear Phase Field Theory for Fracture and Twinning with Analysis of Simple Shear

Report No. ARL-RP-0546
Authors: JD Clayton; J Knap
Date/Pages: September 2015; 42 pages
Abstract: A phase field theory for coupled twinning and fracture in single crystal domains is developed. Distinct order parameters denote twinned and fractured domains, finite strains are addressed and elastic nonlinearity is included via a neo-Hookean strain energy potential. The governing equations and boundary conditions are derived; an incremental energy minimization approach is advocated for prediction of equilibrium microstructural morphologies under quasi-static loading protocols. Aspects of the theory are analysed in detail for a material element undergoing simple shear deformation. Exact analytical and/or one-dimensional numerical solutions are obtained in dimensionless form for stress states, stability criteria and order parameter profiles at localized fractures or twinning zones. For sufficient applied strain, the relative likelihood of localized twinning vs. localized fracture is found to depend only on the ratio of twin boundary surface energy to fracture surface energy. Predicted criteria for shear stress-driven fracture or twinning are often found to be in closer agreement with test data for several types of real crystals than those based on the concept of theoretical strength.
Distribution: Approved for public release
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Last Update / Reviewed: September 1, 2015