Cooperative R&D Agreements (CRADAs)

A Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) is a written agreement between one or more federal laboratories and one or more non-federal parties under which the government, through its laboratories, provides personnel, facilities, equipment or other resources with or without reimbursement (but not funds to non-federal parties).

The non-federal parties provide personnel, funds, services, facilities, equipment or other resources to conduct specific research or development efforts that are consistent with the mission of the laboratory.

CRADAs are authorized by 15 U.S.C. 3710a. The governing regulation is AR 70-57, Military-Civilian Technology Transfer, dated 26 February 2004.

When a CRADA is Appropriate

CRADAs provide an easy way to collaborate with the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command (DEVCOM) Army Research Laboratory. CRADAs allow DEVCOM ARL researchers to exchange technical expertise with non-federal partners, and to accept reimbursement for research conducted under the CRADA. CRADAs also protect a researcher’s rights and those of DEVCOM ARL to inventions the researcher may make. CRADAs are appropriate when ideas, staff, materials, and equipment are to be exchanged over a period of time for the purpose of collaboration and/or an invention may result. Funds may be provided to DEVCOM ARL under a CRADA.

Who May Participate in CRADAs

CRADAs must involve at least one non-federal party. In addition to ARL scientists, the other participants in a CRADA may be one or more of the following:

  • Private corporations (U.S. or foreign)
  • Nonprofit and not-for-profit institutions (U.S. or foreign)
  • State and local governments (U.S.)
  • Other federal agencies (U.S.)