Related News from around CCDC ARL

 
Explore recent CCDC ARL accomplishments in science, research, technology demonstrations related to human autonomy teaming.

Personality-based approach may be key to partnering with robots

Human facial expressions could be one of the keys in building trust between Soldiers and autonomous agents.  In typical studies, researchers define groups of people, and either specify and examine variables within those groups or apply variables as measures that tend to represent entire population samples by simple group tendencies. In these traditional constructs, researchers treat sample variability within the experimenter-specified groups as noise.

Researchers strive to make AI a Soldiers’ trusted ally

 The U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command’s Army Research Laboratory designated several research programs as essential for future Soldier capabilities. Of these major flagship programs, the Human Autonomy Teaming, or HAT, Essential Research Program focuses on the relationship between humans and AI and how to establish human-robot teams that can survive and function in complex environments.

Researchers study alternative training tools to improve Soldier performance

As the U.S. Army revamps its small arms training and raises rifle qualification standards, researchers are studying alternative training and tools to help improve Soldier performance.  Researchers analyze the interactive metronome to measure temporal abilities and administer neurocognitive temporal training. This is the first use of the device for examining and training military essential skills.

Army researchers uncover dynamics of complex neural states

Army scientists from the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command’s Army Research Laboratory along with academics at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, are researching new methods to characterize brain activity to predict future behavior or cognitive state, borrowing methods from clinical settings. While studying the possibility of a new method of brain dynamics, they said they have been successful in predicting clinical seizures using recording electrodes placed directly on brain tissue.

Army researchers develop new ways to nudge the brain

Researchers recently applied new techniques to modify brain activity. Not only are these techniques used to characterize and study complex networks such as in telecommunications or social networks – they describe how different nodes, or elements of the network: brain regions in neuroscience, or individuals in social networks, interact with each other.

Eye pupil an indicator of effective decision making

A team of Army and academic researchers are investigating how eye-pupil size changes can indicate a person’s cognitive state as a means to enable teaming with autonomous agents.  The future Army battlespace will require humans and AI agents to team effectively to accomplish mission-critical goals. Although AI agents can fill gaps in human performance, they are rigid and lack the flexibility inherent to human behavior, which could interfere with teaming.

Disagreements help team perception

Team disagreements might be the key to helping Soldiers identify objects in battle, researchers say.

While studies on combat identification typically focus on how technology can help identify enemy forces, researchers sought to understand how teams work together to identify armored vehicles--using only their training and each other.

Lab cancels next-generation neurotechnologies event

Researchers from the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command's Army Research Laboratory, and nearly a dozen universities and industrial laboratories partnered on the decade-long Cognition and Neuroergonomics Collaborative Technology Alliance (CaNCTA), the Army's flagship basic science research and technology transition program in neuroscience.  Highlights of their findings were to be showcased at an all-day event at a conference center near APG, which has been cancelled due to health and safety concerns as related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Army, university study suggests brain structure could influence behavior

New research focusing on how brain structure may impact brain activity and ultimately human behavior could one day lead to technology that can be catered to an individual Soldier in a training environment or operational setting.

Army scientists develop computational model to predict human behavior

Army researchers have developed for the first time an analytic model to show how groups of people influence individual behavior. Technically speaking, this had never been done before: No one had taken the computational information from a collective model (numerical solutions of, say, thousands of equations) and used it to exactly determine an individual's behavior (reduced to one equation). Scientists from the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) report their findings ("Fractional Dynamics of Individuals in Complex Networks") in the October edition of Frontiers in Physics.