ARL’s S&T investments in Information Sciences are focused on gaining a greater understanding of emerging technology opportunities that support intelligent information systems that perform acquisition, analysis, reasoning, decision-making, collaborative communication, and assurance of information and knowledge. Understanding gained through these research efforts will lead to technological developments that make it possible to manage and utilize information flows in the battlespace. Technologies resulting from these efforts will have a direct impact on the Information Supremacy of the Army of 2030.
Sensing and Effecting research concentrates on understanding and exploiting information gained through sensing and exploiting data to drive effectors. Both sensing and effecting necessitate detailed understanding of corresponding physical behaviors that generate and utilize data, as well as effective means for storage, retrieval, and manipulation of data. Additionally, knowledge of the physical environment is necessary to understand the impacts on mission planning and decision-making including quantifying uncertainty and reducing the element of surprise.
System Intelligence and Intelligent Systems research concentrates on understanding and exploiting interactions between information and intelligent systems, such as software agents or robots. Information can be thought of as data in context. In order to fully exploit that data, the context must be taken into account. The data can then be used in providing automated intelligence: perception, reasoning, planning, collaborating, and decision-making. These broad issues in automated intelligence can be applied to a wide range of systems and environments, like cyber virtual environments or decision support. Aspects of Intelligent Systems complement research conducted in the Sciences for Maneuver Campaign, which focuses on Intelligent Systems concepts applied to vehicles or robotic platforms.
Human and Information Interaction research concentrates on understanding and exploiting interactions between information and humans. It involves complex mixed-initiative processes of information acquisition, processing and comprehension. Aspects of this research complement efforts in the Human Sciences Campaign, with the delineation being that research in the Information Sciences Campaign places greater emphasis on information structure, dynamics, phenomena and properties.
Networks and Communications research concentrates on understanding and exploiting information’s interactions with socio-technical networks, particularly communications, and command and control networks, both formal and social. Of particular importance is Network Science – the study of structure, dynamics, behaviors and evolutions of networks, especially in the context of interactions between communications, information and social networks.
Cybersecurity research concentrates on understanding and exploiting interactions of information with cyber users, defenders and attackers – human and/or intelligent agents. These interactions involve friendly operations against adversary information systems and networks, defense of friendly information systems and networks, and assurance of persistent information support to Soldiers even when parts of the friendly systems and networks are compromised.