Facilities - Sciences for Lethality and Protection

Aerodynamics Experimental Research Facility (APG)

The Aerodynamics Experimental Research Facility tests aerodynamics and fluid dynamics of smart munitions and submunitions dispensing systems; experimental direct fire accuracy; advanced munitions design; and structural dynamics of gun and ammunition systems from 2 mm to 40 mm.

Armor Experimental Facility (APG)

The Armor Experimental Facility is a fully-instrumented experimentation complex used to develop and evaluate armor technology for defeating explosively formed penetrators (EFPs) and shaped charges. It features high energy x-ray instrumentation that provides detailed information on the acceleration and deformation of liners as they form into penetrators.

Basic Research Firing Facility (APG)

The Basic Research Firing Facility is an indoor ballistic test facility that has recently transitioned from a customer-based facility to a dedicated basic research asset. It has an airgun launch capability for rounds with a diameter up to 25.4 mm at a maximum range of 65 feet. Upgrades to this facility will accommodate powder guns capable of handling 5.56 mm – 37 mm rounds at the same range. Kottke Automated Instrumentation ensures activation of 150 – 450 kiloelectron volt x-rays and high speed video equipment (Photron, Phantom, Ultra 24, and Shimatsu cameras) with no cross-talk or pre-triggering.

Composites Processing Research Facilities (APG)

Advanced low-cost, reliable processing techniques are essential for the transition of polymer matrix composites to Army ground vehicles, aircraft, and other materiel. ARL’s ISO 9001:2008 certified composites processing facility produces structural, ballistic, and research grade composite solutions using fully-automated autoclaves, high pressure compaction presses, large and small diameter filament winding stations, and other research tools to resolve scientific and engineering challenges in process optimization, materials fabrication, and automated process control.

Crew and Component Protection Laboratory (ALC)

Researchers at this facility design and evaluate crew and component technologies using state-of-the art laboratory simulators that replicate the acceleratory and vibratory loadings from underbelly blast events and other threat loadings. The four primary simulators at the lab are the Crew Survivability Blast Effects Simulator (CSBES), the Horizontal Impact Test System (HITS), 3-axis shaker, and the drop towers.

Dynamic Rocket-Propelled Grenade Firing Facility (APG)

This facility conducts completely instrumented terminal ballistic experimental tests with dynamically launched RPGs. The rounds are either launched free-flight or through ARL’s own Precision Delivery System (PDS). PDS is a unique launching system enabling the RPG to strike extremely close to the target aim-point.

Enclosed Small and Medium Caliber Firing Experimental Facility (APG)

This facility conducts completely instrumented terminal ballistics experimental tests with small and medium-caliber tungsten alloy penetrators against advanced armor threats.

Experimental Facility 20 (APG)

EF20 is a fully instrumented indoor firing facility dedicated to improving the personnel protective equipment (PPE) worn by today’s Soldier. Researchers conduct firing programs to examine protective levels of new and novel materials before incorporation into PPE designs and to advance stateof- the-art PPE experimental and test methods.

Explosively Formed Penetrator Terminal Effects Research Facility (APG)

This facility is a fully instrumented experimentation complex used to investigate terminal ballistic effects of explosively formed penetrator (EFP) warheads. It features high energy x-ray instrumentation that provides detailed information on the acceleration and deformation of liners as they form into penetrators.

Guidance Research Facility (APG)

The Guidance Research Facility is the Army’s most advanced facility for conducting research and experimental validation relating to advanced guidance methods for precision weapons. Advanced guidance algorithms and approaches are postulated, evaluated, and optimized using a combination of capabilities that include unique instrumentation for the characterization of guidance sensors (inertial, magnetic, optical, and Global Positioning System), modeling and simulation of guidance algorithms, and hardware-in-the-loop evaluation of new techniques.

High Rate Mechanical Characterization Facility (APG)

The High Rate Mechanical Characterization Facility measures response to deformation of energetic materials under operational conditions. Uniaxial compression and tensile measurements predict mechanical behavior in material and structural models; assess the mechanical response of new gun and rocket propellants, explosives, and other munitions; and evaluate the vulnerability response of these materials to impact threats.

Large and Small-Caliber Armor Research Facility (APG)

This facility is an environmentally-contained outdoor complex that hosts complete diagnostics to analyze the performance of classified armor technologies against kineticenergy penetrators, including depleted-uranium armors and munitions.

Large-Caliber Terminal Ballistics Facility (APG)

This facility, unique in the United States, is capable of conducting full-scale terminal ballistic experiments with both kinetic-energy projectiles and explosive warheads against both passive and reactive armors. It features an environmentallycontained impact chamber that can handle highly explosive warheads and targets, depleted-uranium projectiles, and fullscale combat systems or subsystems.

Novel Energetic Research Facility (APG)

NERF is an Energetic Materials Development Facility containing a processing complex with energetics processing and manufacturing labs and a formulation complex with energetic formulation and energetics properties labs. Mission successes include Army Insensitive Munitions (IM) Energetics.

Precision Munition Electro-Sciences Facility (APG)

This facility allows the characterization of the electro-magnetic environment produced by a precision weapon in free flight. It can measure the radiofrequency (RF) spectrum from 200 MHz to 18 GHz and allows the classification of critical weapon aspects such as interference between GPS and telemetry signals in addition to providing experimental data needed to validate advanced RF theory and supporting models.

Reverse Ballistic Air Gun Facility (ALC)

This custom-designed facility houses a suite of three air guns capable of generating accelerations up to 100,000 Gs and velocities up to 2,000 ft/s. In addition to a general high-G environment, the guns simulate gun-launch specific set-back, set-forward, and spin environments. Available instrumentation includes high speed imaging and data acquisition devices.

Target Assembly Facility (APG)

The Target Assembly Facility integrates new armor concepts into actual armored vehicles. Featuring the capability of machining and cutting radioactive materials, it provides a means of fabricating and analyzing depleted-uranium armors and armors impacted by depleted-uranium projectiles.

Transonic Experimental Research Facility (APG)

The Transonic Experimental Research Facility evaluates aerodynamics and fluid dynamics of projectiles, smart munitions systems, and sub-munitions dispensing systems;determines input for artillery fire-control computers and firing tables; evaluates advanced conventional gun propulsion technologies; determines experimental direct fire accuracy; evaluates advanced munitions designs; and analyzes the structural dynamics of gun and ammunition systems from 60 mm to 208 mm.



ALC - Adelphi Laboratory Center, MD

APG - Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD