U.S. Army RDECOM and U.S. ARL logos

U.S. Army Research Laboratory
Open Campus Open House

18-19 October 2017

Aberdeen Proving Ground
APG, Maryland

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory provides America's Soldiers the technological edge through scientific research, technology development, and analysis. We provide scientific and technological innovation in a variety of technical disciplines, through direct in-house laboratory efforts and joint programs with government, industry, and academia. To remain at the cutting edge of technology, we must maintain a wide range of resources. Among the most important of these resources are our facilities. Below is a list of those facilities and laboratories that will be avialble as tour stops during our Open Campus Open House event.

Computational Sciences & High Performance Computing

ARL's basic and applied research in Computational Sciences is focused on advancing the fundamentals of emerging computing architectures, computing sciences, predictive simulation sciences, and data intensive sciences, and to transform the future of complex Army applications. Gains made through these underpinning multidisciplinary research efforts and exploiting emerging advanced computing systems will lead to scientific breakthroughs that are expected to have significant impact on Army materiel systems. Technologies resulting from this multidisciplinary research, collaboratively with other ARL S&T campaign innovations, will have a significant impact on Power Projection Superiority, Information Supremacy, Lethality & Protection Superiority, and Soldier Performance Augmentation for the Army of 2030.

ARL's Defense Research and Engineering Network (DREN) 3 Research Testbed: The ARL DSRC is the primary driver for the high-bandwidth DREN connectivity at APG. DREN interconnects DoD supercomputer centers and research facilities across DoD. DREN also serves Modeling and Simulation and Test and Evaluation functions across DoD. This tour stop shows the new DREN3 10GigE circuit and router provided by the DREN3 as well as the DREN security DMZ equipment.

Visual Analytics Ecology: Diverse visual analytics requirements of our heterogeneous data community have push the limits of the capability of a single visualization system. We developed a system of loosely coupled visualization hardware with various visualization software to address some of our visual analytics challenges. The Visual Analytics Ecology (VAE) allows users to perform visual analytics of their data using the most suitable visualization system to accomplish their data analysis goal. We will show a demonstration of the VAE with a physics based simulation and modeling data.

Programmable Computing Framework for Quantum Applications: This project aims at development of a unified control plane architecture in support of current and future quantum applications. This tour stop will demonstrate Quantum entanglement and the use of metadata to control quantum applications

Human Sciences

Human Sciences is focused on identifying, creating, and transitioning scientific discoveries and technological innovations underlying Human Behavior, Human Capa-bility Enhancement, and Integration of Humans and Systems that are critical to the U.S. Army's future technological superiority. This campaign concentrates on high-risk and high-payoff transforma¬tional basic research; critically-focused, promising applied research; and selective advanced tech¬nology development that are expected to have revolutionary impacts on the Army's warfighting capabilities. In addition to significantly improving the Army's existing warfighting capabilities, it creates disruptive and game-changing Soldier-centric technologies for the Army, while also preventing technological surprises from potential adversaries.

MIND lab: The MIND Laboratory facilitates basic and applied research that transitions neuroscience knowledge and approaches from the laboratory to real-world environments. MIND comprises two core elements, the first of which is a multi-chamber and re-configurable experimental space providing state-of-the-art electrically- and acoustically-controlled environments specifically designed for maximizing neurophysiological, physiological, and behavioral measurement capabilities and data acquisition. Facilities in this space support a wide range of tasks for single- and multi-participant, multi-disciplinary, translational neuroscience research efforts. MIND's second core element is a computing laboratory with more than two dozen networked, multi-core, large memory capacity Linux workstations and a dedicated multi-core distributed computing server that enables the development, implementation, and utilization of advanced computational and algorithmic approaches. These approaches span the potential utilization of Army high performance computing capabilities to the analysis of the multi-channel, high-dimensional data obtained in the MIND experimental facility.

System Assessment and Usability Lab (SAUL): SAUL is a multi-functional space designed to conduct Human Systems Integration (HSI) simulation and usability assessments, 3D anthropometric scanning and modeling, and experimental evaluations of simulated dense urban environments. SAUL houses various types of interface devices that simulate the system and/or the operational environment being assessed including desktop computers and fully tracked immersive virtual reality (VR) systems. VR systems include multiple head-mounted displays (HTC Vive and Oculus Rift CV1), a driving simulator, and an L-shaped large projection screen which are used to simulate 3-D stereoscopic environments in a manner that provide high ecological validity and experimental control. A software test area comprises mobile devices and computers with various operating systems in multiple network configurations to support development and testing of in-house HSI tools and customer software. In addition, a 3D body scanner is utilized in the process of creating and analyzing human figure models. By combining these research areas and hardware capabilities, the SAUL provides unique capabilities for conducting multiple aspects of research and development.

Instrumented Vehicle: Researchers in the Future Soldier Technologies Division of ARL HRED are embarking on an experiment to better understand driver-passenger interactions while driving on an uncontrolled, real highway. This vehicle demonstrates the fundamental technologies required to safely examine humans while driving in normal traffic. The vehicle includes an internal networked system to record and synchronize a broad array of data that includes variables to capture key information from the environment (i.e. road and traffic conditions), the car (i.e. vehicle kinematics and controller interactions), and the human occupants (i.e. behaviors and physiology). This research will enable a more complete understanding, from brain patterns to overt behavior, of how human passengers form a trusting relationship with the vehicle driver and will have implications for future study of human trust in driving automation.

Innovation Commons (IC): The Innovation Commons is a hackable workspace and demo environment that serves as a proving ground for rapid experimentation in the human sciences. Taking inspiration from the wearable and personal informatics movements, users are encouraged to track and interpret their own physiological data and to actively modify their work environment based on their findings. The space is open to all interested users within the ARL and Open Campus communities and supports creative approaches to recording, processing, interpreting, and visualizing human physiological and behavioral data.

Cognitive Assessment, Simulation and Engineering Laboratory (CASEL): The Cognitive Assessment, Simulation and Engineering Laboratory, or CASEL, is a standalone research facility used to better understand and improve individual Soldier and team cognitive performance, develop and assess autonomous systems, and examine knowledge management in stressful, militarily relevant scenarios. CASEL uses video feed and interconnectivity with an observation/control room to centralize and control research activities between three test chambers, a human-robot interaction lab, a cognitive robotics laboratory, and the unique immersive simulator. A key application area is research to support the human dimension of mission command, tactical intelligence and network science: the observation/control room can simulate the flow of information on the network-enabled battlefield, as well as represent a mission command center, the test chambers provide isolated areas for members of lower echelon assets, and the immersive simulator can represent the soldier on the ground. These areas allow ARL to represent the geographical dispersion that would occur in actual theater, and thus enable the study of distributed team performance in a network-enabled environment. Human robot interaction studies on new autonomous systems display and control devices are performed under controlled conditions in the robotics labs. Additionally, we are pursuing the pioneering concept of cognitive robotics to create autonomous robots by training robots to learn and adapt for indoor navigation and localization. The immersive simulator, a 300-degree, interactive virtual reality system features tetherless simulated shooting and allows for unique scenario construction for investigating a range of operational scenarios. In summary, the CASEL is a well-equipped, multiuse facility dedicated to cognitive research which enables ARL to be on the forefront of cognitive-based technology development, leading to enhanced Soldier performance across the full spectrum of military operations. CASEL and the support staff are available to other groups interested in similar research in cognition, robotics, and networked communications.

Augmented Reality Sand Table (ARES): The Augmented Reality Sand Table (ARES) is a research and development platform for distributed battlespace visualization via multiple modalities (including a tangible interface, augmented reality interface, and an interface for mobile devices). The Open Campus Open House display will offer an overview of the platform and associated research as well as a demonstration of some technical innovations supporting the overall mission of improving battlespace visualization and decision-making to provide a common operating picture at the point of need.

CHIMERA: The CHIMERA laboratory has been developed in order to advance a foundational science in cybersecurity to address the human interaction dynamics of the attacker, defender, and user operating in Army enterprise and tactical, wireless networks. CHIMERA is a cyber test-range in the ARL C4ISR facility with the ability to investigate human cyber cognition, training effectiveness, cyber protection team processes, and adversarial dynamics. CHIMERA is available to conduct human-in-the-loop behavioral research, training effectiveness analysis, and technology transition of a Cyber Associate decision-support agent.

SPEAR (Separate tour selection): The SPEAR facility enables researchers to study the interactive effects of physical and cognitive stress on Soldier performance in operationally relevant environments. Three components comprise the facility: (1) a state-of-the-art indoor biomechanics laboratory, (2) an outdoor mobility and portability course, and (3) a 2.5-mile crosscountry course that includes an 802.11 WiFi network. This unique combination of components enables researchers to physically and cognitively stress Soldiers while measuring their performance in a minimally intrusive manner. Proximity of these components to one another enables researchers to design studies with a high degree of experimental control in the biomechanics laboratory and a high degree of operational relevance (e.g. traversing rough terrain on a cross-country course while sending and receiving information over a sensor and communication network).

Materials Sciences & Sciences for Lethality and Protection

The Rodman Materials Research Laboratory is a state-of-the-art research facility consisting of 140 individual laboratories covering 280,000 square feet, all under one roof. Materials research efforts are highly focused on Army needs and encompass materials discovery, characterization, synthesis, processing, manufacturing science and technology, as well as, new materials design and development. Featured capabilities of the laboratory include: pilot-scale fabrication, polymer and composite processing, organic and inorganic nanomaterial synthesis and processing, low and high strain rate mechanical characterization, high resolution electron microscopy and surface characterization. Additional laboratories are dedicated to the study and prevention of environmental degradation of materials, advanced military coatings, an ion implantation facility and plasma physics laboratory.

Energetics, Composites, and Additive Manufacturing Tour:

This tour encompasses the Composites Processing and Development Lab, the Laser Characterization of Energetics and Energetic Materials Labs as well as the Characterization and Additive Laboratories.

Composites Processing and Development Lab: This laboratory is a critical part of the Army research process of transitioning technology from the laboratory bench into demonstrable technology forms for evaluation and analysis. The manufacturing capability consists of technical hardware -- such as fiber winding, autoclaves, hot presses, thermal soak ovens, and lay-up tables -- critical to manufacturing composite and glass materials coupons and components for structural and ballistic applications. The technical hardware is coupled with skilled technician teams that enable problem-solving and manufacturing process control to repeatedly produce products made from fiberglass, carbon fiber, aramid fiber, ultrahigh molecular-weight polyethylene, and glass and plastic media.

Laser Detection of Energetic Materials Laboratory: The research performed in this laboratory centers on laser-plasma and material-combustion diagnostics, laser material ablation with subsequent deposition, and laser-based sensors for energetics and other hazardous materials. The laboratory features ion detection, laser-induced fluorescence, and emission and photoacoustic spectroscopy to allow for monitoring target materials, their decomposition or photoproducts, and the resulting transient species in real-time and in situ. Our data are used for model testing or input, and the understanding gained by examining the various chemical and dynamical processes that occur on solid surfaces, in the gas phase, or during deposition is critical for producing new materials or devising novel sensitive material detection techniques that will be important for future Army and DoD applications. Dedicated equipment includes a variety of high-power laser systems whose output range from the ultraviolet to near infrared, vacuum and ambient pressure chambers, time-of-flight and triple-quadrupole mass spectrometers interfaced with computer data acquisition and analysis systems, and assorted detectors, electronics, and electro-optics.

Laser Energetics Laboratory: The laboratory provides experimental capabilities used to gain insight into the ultrafast dynamics of energetic materials. Multiple ultrafast techniques are being pursued in order to reveal the behavior of energetic molecules at the earliest times of initiation. Femtosecond lasers provide high energy, ultrafast pulses that are capable of resolving events during initiation and subsequent decomposition (picosecond time scales). The experiments are aimed at decoupling the effects of the rapidly changing environment in order to understand the role they play during the initiation process.

Computed Tomography X-Ray Characterization Laboratory: This laboratory provides a comprehensive capability for non-destructive evaluation of monolithic, hybrid, laminated, and composite material systems utilizing x-ray computed tomography at various length scales, ranging from sub-micron resolution with the Zeiss Xradia 520 to millimeter-scale resolution of high density targets with a 450-kV system.

Additive Manufacturing Laboratory: The Additive Manufacturing (AM) facilities consists of equipment for the digital fabrication of 3D structures in metals, polymers, and electronics. Capabilities include multi-material fabrication, processing of novel materials, and control of processing parameters. Equipment includes Laser Powder Bed Fusion, Selective Laser Sintering, Fused Deposition Modeling, Stereolithography, Photopolymer Jetting, and Hybrid Processes. The AM facilities located here in Rodman form the heart of ARL's Center for Agile Materials Manufacturing Science (CAMMS).

Mechanics & Ceramics, Metals and Polymer - Synthesis & Processing Tour:

This tour includes labs associated with high strain rate mechanics, ceramics & polymer synthesis and metal (powder) processing including the Physics-of-Failure Characterization Lab, Advanced Polymer Processing Lab, Advanced Ceramic Densification Lab, and the Nanocrystalline Alloys Development Lab.

Experimental Mechanics Laboratory: The laboratory has developed numerous unique in-situ experimental methods at different length-scales to explore the rate-dependent response of materials (including bio materials) using novel loading methods at different rates. Response measurement diagnostics include wide-field, fluorescent, confocal, electron microscopy, macro/micro-digital image correlation (DIC) methods and micro-CT (computed tomography) methods. We are also in the process of developing in situ X-ray diffraction microscopy (SAXS and WAXS) methods. Mechanical loading devices include specially designed Hopkinson bars and other specialized loading devices to apply Army-relevant loading to materials scaling from centimeters to sub-micrometers.

Advanced Polymer Processing Laboratory: The ARL Advanced Polymer Processing Facility (APPF) engages in fundamental and applied materials and processing research, impacting items, such as protective equipment, sensors, high-energy-density electronics, battlefield medical treatment, and broadly across the materials research paradigm. The key components of APPF include engineering and environmental laboratory controls, advanced mixing, materials characterization, post-extrusion polymer processing for fibers and films, and additive manufacturing/microfabrication.

Ceramic Synthesis and Processing Laboratory: This laboratory is the hub of ceramic processing at ARL, where customized ceramic powders are synthesized and scaled up to pilot level processes. The laboratory houses all the powder handling, mixing and milling capabilities and some of our powder characterization equipment which supports all ceramic processing R&D for ARL.

Advanced Ceramic Densification Laboratory: The Advanced Ceramic Densification Laboratory supports the discovery, innovation, and transition of novel ceramics for the Warfighter. Capabilities include laboratory- and pilot-scale densification equipment for solid-state sintering, pressure assisted densification, and hot isostatic pressing. Due to the capabilities for high temperatures, fast heating rates, high pressures, and ability for different furnace atmospheres (vacuum, flowing, and partial pressures), this laboratory infrastructure is able to meet the needs for development of novel personnel and vehicle armor ceramics, transparent armor ceramics, long range IR sensor windows, and laser gain media.

Computed Tomography X-Ray Characterization Laboratory: This laboratory provides a comprehensive capability for non-destructive evaluation of monolithic, hybrid, laminated, and composite material systems utilizing x-ray computed tomography at various length scales, ranging from sub-micron resolution with the Zeiss Xradia 520 to millimeter-scale resolution of high density targets with a 450-kV system.

Materials Characterization, Cold Spray, and Energy Coupled to Matter Tour:

This tour encompasses the High Strain Rate characterization Lab, Ultrashort Pulse Laser Lab, Plasma Energetics Lab, Advance Center for Cold Spray Technology Lab and the Energy Coupled to Matter Laboratory.

Multiaxial Characterization Laboratory: This facility probes the response of material under multiaxial stress states at different loading rates and temperatures, allowing characterization of materials at states seen in Army applications. Hydraulically confined load frame and split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) systems allow loading with confinement pressures up to 200 MPa, while maintaining temperatures of -25 to 70 degrees C. Additional capabilities include a long SHPB for intermediate-rate loading, ultrahigh-speed cameras for stereo digital-image correlation (DIC), as well as medium-wavelength infrared cameras to measure full-field temperatures during deformation.

Ultrashort Pulse Laser Laboratory: This laboratory provides an experimental capability to investigate the microstructure and mechanical behavior of materials at the micron and submicron scales. Femtosecond laser pulses provide a high peak power in short time frames, making them ideal for micromachining as there is limited or no heat-affected zone. Current optics provide small focused spot sizes, which allow machining tension and compression specimens in the micron range. Coupling the femtosecond laser to a dual-beam focused ion beam microscope provides an opportunity for 3D microstructure characterization while still taking advantage of the high-resolution analysis capabilities of a scanning-electron microscope including backscattered diffraction and energy-dispersive spectroscopy. This combination of micron-scale mechanical testing and microstructure characterization can provide real-world information for material models that was previously unavailable.

Energy Coupled to Matter Laboratory: The Energy Coupled to Matter (ECM) Laboratory, features a comprehensive suite of unique, custom-designed systems, including flash sintering, electric field-assisted sintering, thermomagnetic processing, single-mode microwave sintering, and physical property measurement system capabilities. These unique, flexible systems enable control of applied high energy fields (including electric, magnetic, and microwave fields), temperature, pressure, and atmosphere, while integrating in-situ characterization techniques to explore mechanisms of field-material interactions. The range of field-enhanced processing capabilities enables optimization of processing conditions using applied fields to influence material response, property, and design.

Cold Spray Laboratory: The ARL Center for Cold Spray is a world leader in the research, development, and transition of solid-state near-net-shape deposition technologies. It features a comprehensive suite of cold-spray powder deposition systems and associated characterization capability, as well as thermal spray and wire-arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) technologies. ARL's efforts have led to an unprecedented number of transitioned applications across the DoD and industry, with millions of dollars in cost savings for manufacturing, sustainment, and reclamation.

Plasma Research Laboratory: This laboratory enables new chemical reactions/interactions via plasma processing and synthesis for the development and investigation of novel materials and energetics that would otherwise be impossible with conventional methods. It also allows the development of new plasma methodologies via fundamental plasma science and engineering.

Sciences for Maneuver

Due to time constraints, the tour on October 18 is unique from the tour on October 19.

Focused on gaining a fundamental understanding of advanced mobility systems and their supporting architectures. This area heavily relies on ARL's research expertise and facilities devoted to decision support sciences, autonomy, and high-efficiency energy generation, storage, and distribution. Discoveries, innovations, and developments made in this area are expected to significantly impact the Army of the future by greatly enhancing mobility. ARL's Sciences for Maneuver research is focused on gaining a greater fundamental understanding of advanced mobility systems and their supporting architectures—critical to the future Army's movement, sustainment, and maneuverability. Knowledge gained through these research efforts will lead to technological developments that make it possible to design, fabricate, integrate, control, and support platforms that will have a significant impact on Power Projection Superiority for the Army of 2030.

Day One: October 18, 2017 tour trek

High-Temp Propulsion Material: The High Temperature Propulsion Materials Laboratory evaluates advanced materials and components for potential use in propulsion applications. This laboratory contains capabilities to research high-temperature materials and components for propulsion systems (such as gas turbine engines, rocket engines, and next generation unmanned aerial system engines) to improve power density, efficiency, and durability.

Drives Component Labs-Tribology Lab: Within the Tribology Laboratory, researchers isolate and study fundamental friction, wear, and lubrication phenomena to enable step changes in performance of high performance mechanical interfaces. Purpose-built and versatile tribometers probe nanoscale material behavior and chemistry under extreme conditions such as oil starvation to improve efficiency and durability of mechanical components such as gears, bearings, splines, clutches, and seals.

High-Speed Bearing Lab: The Bearing Research Laboratory supports research extending the robustness and life of high performance propulsion bearings with several unique and complementary high speed stands. With modern propulsion system designs limited by speed and temperature capability of bearing systems, this research is critical to power conversion and distribution in future vehicles, including the study of new material systems and next generation lubricants at speeds up to 60,000 rpm. With emerging high speed electric machines and hybrid propulsion, enhanced bearing performance continues to be an important challenge.

Propulsion Fatigue Lab: The Propulsion Fatigue laboratory supports the study of material failure in critical dynamic components for Army vehicles. In propulsion systems, highly variable operating environments stress high performance components and cause eventual material failure through fatigue, wear and other mechanisms. This laboratory contains an array of experimental capabilities subjecting samples to demanding mechanical and thermal loads allowing the development of more robust, higher performing components along with advanced failure diagnostics.

Characterization Lab: The characterization lab is used to provide materials characterization of specimen and supplement research across the directorate. It contains a series of capable instruments especially applicable to studying the performance and and failure physics in propulsion components. Laser confocal and optical microscopy, scanning acoustic microscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy and other capabilties are used in this lab to probe surface chemistry, topography and optical characteristics, as well as subsurface damage and structure. This study of surfaces and interfaces is critical to understanding limitations of propulsion components.

Spray Combustion Research Lab (SCRL): The Spray Combustion Research Laboratory is used to conduct fundamental research to understand and advance spray combustion science. The laboratory's findings help the Army to achieve higher-efficiency, higher-powered propulsion systems. It contains a high-temperature and high-pressure flow-through type combustion chamber; fuel injection analyzer; fuel benches; and various laser optical diagnostic tools. This facility is the only combustion laboratory with these capabilities within the Department of Defense (DOD).

Small Engine Research Center: Small Engine Combustion Research Lab (SECRL) and Small Engine Altitude Research Facility (SmEARF): The Small Engine Altitude Research Facility and the Small Engine Combustion Research Laboratory support research to develop innovative propulsion component technologies by improving fuel-air mixing and developing novel combustion concepts to extend the operational capability of ground vehicles, rotorcraft, and Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS). The SmEARF is capable of providing elevated altitude temperature and pressure conditions with continuous air flow for experimental research on a variety of air-breathing engine types. The facility is a uniquely singular Department of Defense (DOD) asset for research on small engine combustion and component technologies.

Day Two: October 19, 2017 tour trek

Microsystems Wind Tunnel-Lab: The Microsystem Aeromechanics Wind Tunnel advances the study of fundamental flow physics relevant to Micro Air Vehicle (MAV) flight and assesses vehicle performance in terms of flight efficiency, stability, and control to improve the range, endurance, payload, and maneuverability of handheld aerial platforms. The tunnel is a closed circuit with a closed and reconfigurable test section that is 6-feet long with a 3-feet square cross section. Current research areas include dynamic stall, flow transition and separation, and MAV scale gust generation among others.

Autonomous Systems Division-Robotics: The Autonomous Systems Division will be presenting ARL internal unmanned systems research and research with its partners in the Robotics Collaborative Technology Alliance (RCTA). The RCTA is an U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) program which fulfills the autonomy and robotics research and development goals of the U.S. Department of the Army. The RCTA performs basic and applied research in four critical technology areas, intelligence, perception, human-robot interaction, and dexterous manipulation and unique mobility. The ARL goal is to raise the integrated proficiency of these areas to the point where a robot may be considered a teammate. The alliance brings together Government, industrial, and academic institutions to address research and development required to enable the deployment of future military unmanned autonomous systems. The presentations will consist of posters and examples of robots employed in ARL and RCTA research. A RoMan and RoboSimian, two human scale platforms, will be highlighted for RCTA research in robots acting as teammates.

Structural Integrity and Durability Lab: The Structual Integrity and Durability Laboratory is used to investigate novel concepts for extremely lightweight, adaptive, durable, damage-tolerant structures enabled by advanced materials and designs for Army Future Vertical Lift. Ongoing research encompasses a wide range of basic research to address the following topics: durable, high-strength composite/metallic and multifunctional damage-tolerant structural configurations and designs; nonlinear and physics-based computational methods; advanced probabilistic algorithms for fatigue life management with increased prediction accuracy and reduced computational time; and additive manufacturing of multifunctional fatigue-resistant lightweight components.

Prognostics and Diagnostics Lab: The Prognostics and Diagnostics (P&D) Laboratory supports and conducts fundamental experimental P&D related efforts to enable sustainable operations for the future force aligned with the Multi-Domain Battle concept. The P&D Lab supports prognostics health management research activities encompassing various research aspects of structural health monitoring and life prognosis; propulsion health monitoring; machinery and rotary dynamic components diagnostics and prognostics; physics, materials, electronics, advanced sensing, and data acquisition hardware; signal processing; data mining and fusion; and system health management and reasoning.

Virtual Flight Simulators: The VTOL Flight Simulator allows for virtual flight testing of advanced vertical takeoff and landing aircraft. Aircraft physics are calculated by high-fidelity flight dynamics models which can be tailored to unique aircraft designs. The simulator allows for a real-time interactive characterization of advanced VTOL platforms in a customizable high-quality 3D graphical environment to simulate the warfighter's operation of manned or unmanned VTOL aircraft. Virtual Reality hardware provides for an immersive experience with 360 degree views from the aircraft.

Mission Designed UAV: Small unmanned aerial systems are needed that can respond to rapidly changing mission needs while maintaining low cost and high availability. To address this challenge, On-Demand Small Unmanned Aerial Systems (ODSUAS), a process for rapidly designing and deploying mission-specific small unmanned aerial systems at the point of need, was developed. This design tool accepts user inputs describing mission requirements, and then designs a small UAS that can be trusted to accomplish the mission. The parts are output to a 3D printer and manufactured, where they are subsequently assembled along with the selected electronics, resulting in a complete UAS in less than a day.