High voltage lithium ion positive electrode material with improved cycle lifeSubmitted by Admin on Tue, 08/25/2015 - 07:00
Patent Number: US9114779
Inventors: Allen, Jan L.; Jow, Richard T.; Wolfenstine, Jeffrey
Patent Principal Area: Batteries & Energy
Publish/ Grant Date: Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Abstract: A lithiated metal phosphate material substituted by divalent atoms at the M2 site and trivalent atoms, a portion of which are present at both the M2 and the M1 sites. The substituted material has the general formula of Li1-3tM2+1-t-dTt3+Dd2+PO4, wherein M is selected from the group consisting of Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+ and combinations thereof; T is selected from the group consisting of Fe3+, Al3+ and Ga3+ and a portion of said T resides at the M2 sites, said portion being greater than 0 and no more than 99 percent of the total T atoms; D is selected from the group consisting of Fe2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Mg2+, Zn2+, Ca2+ and combinations thereof; d has a value greater than 0 and no more than 0.3; and t has a value in the range of 0 to 0.3. Also disclosed are electrodes which incorporate the substituted metal phosphate material and are disposed in electrochemical cells as well as batteries, including rechargeable lithium ion batteries. Finally, there is disclosed a method of increasing the life cycle of an electrode by forming the electrode by mixing and dissolving LiH2PO4, Co(OH)2 and FeC2O4.2H2O in HNO3, evaporating the water from this solution to form a solid powder mixture, heating said mixture to around 600° C. under N2 for approximately 12 hours, cooling, ball milling for about 30 minutes the mixture with 0.01-10 wt. % acetylene black; heating the mixture again to around 600° C. under N2 for about an hour and then coating the mixture onto an Al foil substrate to produce a composite electrode.