The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs are key bridges that allow the U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering community and the small business community to collaborate on topics of mutual interest which support both the warfighter and other Army RD&E goals.

The goals of the SBIR Program are:

1. Stimulate technological innovation.
2. Use small business to meet federal R&D needs.
3. Foster and encourage participation in technological innovation by socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns (SBCs), and women, minority and veteran owned small businesses.
4. Increase private sector commercialization of innovations derived from federal R&D thereby increasing competition, productivity and economic growth.


The purpose of the STTR program is to stimulate a partnership between innovative Small Business Concerns (SBCs) and Research Institutions through Federally funded research and development.

The Army SBIR program is designed to provide small, high-tech businesses the opportunity to propose innovative research and development solutions in response to critical Army needs.

For additional information on the SBIR and STTR programs and to learn about other DoD resources, please visit the Army SBIR website.

Phase I

Phase I is a feasibility study that determines the scientific, technical, and commercial merit and feasibility of selected concepts. Phase I projects are competitively selected from proposals submitted against solicitation topics seeking specific solutions to stated government needs.

Phase II

Phase II represents a major R&D effort, culminating in a well-defined deliverable prototype (i.e. a technology, product, or service).


Phase III

Phase III expects the small business or research institute to obtain funding from the private sector and/or non-SBIR/STTR government sources to develop the prototype into a viable product or service for sale in government or private sector markets.

Phase I 6 months; $100,000 max 6 months; $150,000 max
Phase I (option) 4 month option (government's discretion); $50,000 max, to fund interim Phase II efforts No option
Phase II 2 years; $1,000,000 max 2 years; $1,000,000 max
Phase III Unlimited time; non-SBIR funding Unlimited time; non-STTR funding

The Department of Defense Office of Small Business Programs launched  a new entrepreneurship training program, called Velociter on 16 March 2016. Velociter is a virtual entrepreneurship training program specifically designed to help SBIR/STTR Phase II firms prepare for commercialization, transition, or Phase III. The program will include an online training curriculum and one-on-one coaching to tailor the program for each participant. For more information please visit