Biological and Bio-Inspired

Materials from Biology

Can enable advancements in protective materials, therapeutics, responsive materials, sensor technology, manufacturing, renewable materials, and intelligence. By determining the evolutionary solutions and fundamental design criteria or rules that nature follows, we can synthesize complex materials with designed protection, sensor, and multi-functional properties, or harness biological organisms to produce them.

  • Hard and Soft Tissue Stimulants
  • Bio-Mimetic Materials
  • Biosynthetic Materials
  • Bio/Non-Bio Interface Materials

Technologies from Biological Systems

Research focused on Army challenges in power and energy, waste remediation, lightweight systems, and energy absorption. Emphasis is placed on the complex relationships existing within and between levels of biological organization, living organisms, and their environment. Genomics, Transcriptomics, Proteomics, and Metabolomics are emerging disciplines at ARL that require an adaptable S&T strategy for Army bioscience needs. Hybrid technologies that incorporate biological organisms will improve situational awareness, as well as sustainability and logistics through alternative energy sources, waste mitigation, water management, and resource conservation.

  • Systems Biology, Synthetic Biology, and Bioinformatics
  • In-Situ and Integrative Biology
  • Bio Energy

Characterization and Sensors

Includes two areas. The first area involves experimentation and modeling for the characterization of biomaterials in support of the Biological and Bio-Inspired technical focus area and that can feed into other areas including bio-inspired systems and human science research. The second area involves research that informs the development and assessment of sensors and characterization devices for environmental chemical and biological materials. Research in these two areas can LEAD to new capabilities in areas including Soldier protection, performance optimization, sustainment, sensing and monitoring, situational awareness, and forensic capabilities for military intelligence.

  • Environmental Biological Materials
  • Biometrics, Bio-imaging, and Monitoring
  • Characterization of Biomaterials
  • Biomechanics

Last Update / Reviewed: February 5, 2015